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WTF Ethers: 26. EIP712 Signature Script

I've been revisiting ethers.js recently to refresh my understanding of the details and to write a simple tutorial called "WTF Ethers" for beginners.

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In this tutorial, we will introduce how to use ethers.js to write an EIP712 signature script. Please refer to WTF Solidity 52: EIP712 for details on EIP712 contract.


EIP712 Typed Data Signatures provides a more advanced and secure method for signatures. When a Dapp supporting EIP712 requests a signature, the wallet will display the original data of the signature message, allowing the user to verify the message data before signing.

EIP712 Signature Script

In this section, we will write a script to sign ERP712 signature.

  1. Create provider and wallet objects. In this example, we will use the private key of the Remix test wallet.

    // Connect to the Ethereum network using Alchemy's RPC node
    // For instructions on setting up Alchemy API, please refer to
    const ALCHEMY_GOERLI_URL = '';
    const provider = new ethers.JsonRpcProvider(ALCHEMY_GOERLI_URL);

    // Create a wallet object using the private key and provider
    const privateKey = '0x503f38a9c967ed597e47fe25643985f032b072db8075426a92110f82df48dfcb'
    const wallet = new ethers.Wallet(privateKey, provider)
  2. Create the EIP712 Domain, which includes the contract's name, version (usually set to "1"), chainId, and verifyingContract (the address of the contract that verifies the signature).

    // Create the EIP712 Domain
    let contractName = "EIP712Storage"
    let version = "1"
    let chainId = "1"
    let contractAddress = "0xf8e81D47203A594245E36C48e151709F0C19fBe8"

    const domain = {
    name: contractName,
    version: version,
    chainId: chainId,
    verifyingContract: contractAddress,
  3. Create the typed data for the signature message, where types declares the types, and message contains the data.

    // Create typed data, Storage
    let spender = "0x5B38Da6a701c568545dCfcB03FcB875f56beddC4"
    let number = "100"

    const types = {
    Storage: [
    { name: "spender", type: "address" },
    { name: "number", type: "uint256" },

    const message = {
    spender: spender,
    number: number,
  4. Call the signTypedData() signing method of the wallet object with the previously created domain, types, and message variables:

    // EIP712 signature
    const signature = await wallet.signTypedData(domain, types, message);
    console.log("Signature:", signature);
    // Signature: 0xdca07f0c1dc70a4f9746a7b4be145c3bb8c8503368e94e3523ea2e8da6eba7b61f260887524f015c82dd77ebd3c8938831c60836f905098bf71b3e6a4a09b7311b
  5. You can use the verifyTypedData() method to recover the signer address from the signature and message, and verify the validity of the signature. Typically, this step is executed in a smart contract.

    // Verify the EIP712 signature and recover the signer address from the signature and message
    let eip712Signer = ethers.verifyTypedData(domain, types, message, signature)
    console.log("EIP712 Signer: ", eip712Signer)
    // EIP712 Signer: 0x5B38Da6a701c568545dCfcB03FcB875f56beddC4


In this tutorial, we have introduced how to write an EIP712 signature script using ethers.js.